Promised one of Islam and Bahai Faith

By Dr. Habib Siddiqui

Before I confront the Bahai view on the above subject, as presented by Babak Mohajerin, let me give a brief account of this religion how it started in order that Muslims have a fair understanding of what it stands for and why its understanding of certain explicit verses in the Qur’an are different than Muslims. (References are also cited for proof.)

In the middle of the 19th century, Mirza Ali Muhammad Shirazi, an Iranian claimed to be the agent and Bab (door) of the awaited Imam Mahdi. He had a small following, and the sect came to be known as Babieh (Babism).
After a short while, he claimed himself to be the awaited Imam (1), and later as a prophet and the bringer of a new religion (2). He was not emotionally balanced, and as such, later claimed Godhood (3). In Resalah Lel-Thamarah (Treatise for fruit), he wrote:

                       “Truly I am certainly God: there is no God other than me. I am unique and single. Truly I am God, there is no God other than me – the eternal Lord, truly I am that very God and there is no God other than me who is unique and single. In the name of God who prevents and who is holy and pure, in praise of You my God, truly I call You and and all things to witness that You are truly God and there is no God other than You.”

For his contradictory statements he was often times confronted by the Ulema in Iran. He would usually repent and renounce his claim (4). His apparent insanity saved his life in more than one occasions (5). His writings for the illiterate laymen had some effect among the Babis, and they rioted against the government in some cities. In Isfahan, the rioters were aided by Governor Manucher Khan Gurji, a Russian of Armenian christian origin (6). Both the British and the Russian embassies were directly involved in these riots by aiding the Babis(7). Amir Kabir, the Grand Vizier, realizing that so long as the Bab was alive, his followers would not stop their rioting, executed him (5).

After Bab’s death, the Babis were led by Mirza Yahya Noori, known as Sobh-e-Azal (the eternal dawn). After an unsuccessful attempt to kill the Shah, the group was persecuted. Yahya fled to Baghdad, while his step-brother, Mirza Husein Ali  took shelter in the Russian embassy.
Later, Husein was escorted to Baghdad by the official agents of the Iranian and Russian governments (8). Mirza Husein Ali sent a tablet to Russian emperor, praising and praying for him, confirming total servitude and expressing thanks (9). The latter allowed the Babis to construct a temple in south of Russia in AeshqAbad and in its attempt to crush the Islamic government provided all help to the Babis (22).
In Baghdad, where the Babis became Ottoman subjects, a serious fight broke out among them as to the issue of leadership of the community, since many forged the handwriting of Bab, claiming to be his successor.
This and other clashes with Iraqi Muslims brought about a state of total chaos (10). The Ulema in Iraq wanted the Ottoman government to deport Babis for creating a total anarchy. Then the Babis were first
moved to Istambul and later to Edirneh. When Mirza Husein claimed to be the successor of Bab, the Babis got divided into two opposing camps, each led by one of the step-brothers – Mirza Husein or  Mirza Yahya.
With the unending riots and connections which the Babis held with the foreign embassies opposed to the Ottoman government, the latter exiled the followers of Yahya to Cyprus and those of Husein to Aaka in Palestine (11).

When the support for Yahya’s followers from the foreign governments diminished, the group gradually dispersed and vanished. Husein Ali was always able to keep in touch and get the support from foreign governments. He claimed the title of “Bahaullah” (the beauty of God) and described the Bab as the harbinger of his own emergence. Soon he gained full control over the Babis and founded the creed of Baha’ism.
Like Bab before him, he first claimed prophethood (12) and then Godship (13). Meanwhile, he was receiving monthly salaries from the Czar (14).

After his death in Aaka, his son, Mirza Abbas (known as Abbas Afandi) succeeded as leader of the Baha’is and called himself Abdul-Baha (the servant of Baha).

When the communist revolution started asserting itself in early 20th century, Russian govt. stopped its support for the Bahais.

Facing numerous difficulties, Abdul Baha then approached the British government offering to spy for them against the dying Ottoman empire (15).

During the first World War and the aggressive entry of the British Army into Palestine under the generalship of Allenbee, the Bahais provided all possible help to the invaders.

Learning this, Jamal Pasha, the Commander of the Ottoman forces, wanted to execute Abdul Baha for treason (16). Lord Balfour, the architect for the infamous Balfour declaration, the then British Foreign Secretary, ordered Gen. Allenbee to protect thelife of Abdul Baha and his followers (17). Later, in a formal ceremony knighthood was granted to Abdul-Baha (18).

Sir Abbas Affendi’s funeral was personally attended by several British dignitaries, including Sir Herbert Samuel – the British Chief Commissioner in Palestine, who was one of the founders of the zionist state of Israel.

In accordance with Abbas’s will, the leadership came under his grandson, Showqi Afandi. He, too, helped realize the goals of British colonialism.

And within a short period Baha’ism spread all over U.K. and its colonies, esp. Uganda (19).
Showqi’s contacts with the colonizers helped Bahaism to spread in U.S.A. and other parts of the world.

He revived the intricate network of Free- masonry at a lower level in the form of Baha’ism, by offering the myth of “one world religion.” (23)

Having no son and nearing his death, Showqi appointed nine Bahais to constitute the Intl. Council of Bahaism and laid the foundation for the Baitul Adal A’azam (the Universal House of Justice) or the Administrative Organization of World’s Bahais.

After his death, as per his will, Charles Mason Rimi, an American, with probable CIA connections was appointed the head of Baitul Adal (20).

At present, with the power, money and conspiracies of world colonialism, Bahaism has fully committed itself to fulfill the dream of the world devouring powers to acquire global domination.

As I have shown above, Baha’ism from its very inception was helped, materially and ideologically, by the Russian and British imperialism for furthering the latters’ onslaught in Muslim lands. At a difficult period in Muslim history, Bahaism collaborated with the zionists for the establishment of state of Israel (21). Through its connection with Zionists  it penetrated various governments serving the interest of the West, a notable example is: Iran under the Shah (23).

This servitude for the western masters, in turn, brought nothing but misery, poverty, strangulation, stagnation, murder, oppression, tyranny and whole-sale dependence, to the Muslim nation.

It can also be noticed that Baha’ism, like Ahmedi/Qadianism, started with its founder’s claim to be the awaited Imam Mahdi, which later developed into the claim for prophethood and divinity. (These groups do not accept the finality of Muhammad’s prophethood.) Muslims, based on the sahih ahadith of Muhammad (SAWS), do expect the coming of Imam Mahdi (a descendant of Muhammad (SAWS); he will NOT be a Prophet since Muhammad (SAWS) is the LAST of the Prophets; he will follow the shariah of Islam) towards the end of time. He will come at a time when Muslims will be in a dire need to find a leader to lead them against forces which will try to extinguish Islam from the earth. He will lead the Muslims to victory, and establish justice. This expectation manifests itself into protests against oppression and injustice, and Muslimsalone, unlike any other religious community on earth, have never been totally succumbed to the evil forces. Colonization was imposed upon our territories, from Morocco to Indonesia, yet, we never embraced the very dehumanization as a result of such process, and always resisted occupation, aggression and exploitation in our territories. The sacrifice of Muslims in Algeria, Libya, Indian sub-continent, Indonesia, the Sudan, Somalia, and more recently in Afghanistan, Palestine and Bosnia are only a few of the examples in that road to combating subjugation and foreign tyranny. Muslims have always tried to negate existing unjust conditions imposed upon the world by despots, whose weapons were force, money and deceit. This resistance of Muslims has always discomforted the enemies of Islam. In their attempt to weaken the very fabric of Islam, these enemies from without have always sought people from within who would distort the teachings of Islam. These enemies of Islam know (knew) that if they could create false Mahdis among Muslims, who instead of calling for jihad commands his followers to be puppets of the oppressors, then there will be no interruption to their exploitation. Hopes and dreams of Muslims will give away to despair, cowardice, lethargy and dependency.

As a result of this conspiracy, in the last century alone, we find three claimants to be Imam Mahdi, e.g., Ali Muhammad Shirazi, Mirza Husein Ali and Mirza Golam Ahmed of Qadian, each of whom were supported by colonial powers of the West. None of these three, in turn, ever launched a Jihad movement against the colonizers. Instead, they acted as stooges for foreign forces, which were hostile to Islam. Baha’i leaders even spied against the Khilafah and collaborated with Zionists.

It is inconceivable that this deviant group would have as much success without the moral and financial support from the enemies of Islam.
As a matter of fact, Baha’ism proved to be the colonialists’ most fruitful investment. Through its teachings, it offers a version of religion which is self-contradictory, deceitful, nonsensical and ludicrous. Despite its leaders’ own servitude to foreign masters, their irrelevant verbiage about not participating in politics for nominal Bahais increase the stranglehold of Taghut over the subdued
people, and fulfill the long-term objectives of its financiers.

In their wishful dream about creating a world religion that encompasses all the various religions (from polytheistic religions like Hinduism to monotheistic religions like Islam) the leaders of the Baha’i faith over last several decades have written books which are self-contradictory.
While the Qur’an and ahadith of Muhammad (SAWS) are very clear that all the scriptures (including the Bible) except the Qur’an has been corrupted by human hands, the Bahais, in order to curry support from christians, appear to give the impression that they believe in the pseudepigraphic books of the New Testament, and that they accept the authenticity of the gospel accounts about Jesus’s crucifixion. We, Muslims, don’t have to butter someone in order to accept our views. The matter concerning Jesus is settled, as far as we are concerned.

With the death of imperialism, today, neo-colonialism tries hard, through invented, deviated sects to alter and metamorphose the face of Islam and eliminate the main elements which comprise the revolutionary character of this great religion. They scheme and Allah schemes. Surely, Allah is the Best of the schemers. May Allah keep us on the road of guidance and save us from falsehood, no matter, under whatever disguise it comes. Ameen.

References:
==========
(1) Nuqtat-ul-Kaaf (The dot of the letter Kaaf), compiled by M.J. Kashani and E. Browne, Brill Printing House, Liden, Holland (1910);
Panj Sha’an (Five Affairs) of Ali Muhammad Shiraji;Talkhise Taarikhe Nabil Zarandi, Baha’i Publications, Amri Pub.,Tehran (1946);Zuhoor-ul-Haq (The appearance of the truth), p. 173.

(2) Nuqtat-ul-Kaaf, p. 151;Bayan (Expression) of Muhammad Shirazi, ch. 2, unit 2 Makaatib (Letters) of Abbas Afandi, vol. 11, p. 266;  Al-Mufavedaat (Conversations) of Abbas Afandi, Brill Printing House, Liden, Holland (1908), p. 124.

(3) Lowhe Heikal-ul-din (The tablet of the image of religion), the supplement to Bayan of Ali Muhammad Shirazi, p. 5; Resalah Lel-Thamarah (Treatise for fruit) of Ali Muhammad Shirazi.

(4) Talkhise Taarikhe Nabil Zarandi, p. 138;Rowdat-ul-Safe Nasiri of Mirza Reza Quli Khan, vol. 10, p.311, 423; Naqtat-ul-Kaaf, p. 133;Kashf-ul-Gheta’a (The removal of curtains), pp. 202-204;Qarne Badi’a by Showqi Afandi, Amri Pub., vol. 1, p. 423; Inshe’ab dar Baha’iat, pp.  70-74.

(5) Talkhise Taarikhe Nabil Zarandi; Rowdat-ul-Safe Nasiri;Kashf-ul-Gheta’a, p. 204; Nasikh-ul-tavaarikh;Kavaakeb-ul-durriah (The brilliant stars)

(6) Talkhise Taarikhe Nabil Zarandi, p. 196.

(7) Shooreshe Babian dar Iran (The rebellion of the Babis in Iran),Pub. of Soviet Academy, Moscow (1939), vol. 30, pp. 143-159;Naqtat-ul-Kaaf, p. 266; Inshe’ab da Baha’iat.

(8) Kavaakeb-ul-durriah.

(9) Mubeen (Clear) of Mirza Husein Ali, p. 76;Qarne Badi’a, vol. 11, p. 86.

(10) Inshe’ab dar Bahai’at, p. 83;Ma’edahe Aasmaani (Heaven’s table), Amri Pub., Tehran;Qarne Badi’a, vol. 11, p. 177.

(11) Qarne Badia, vol. 11, pp. 270, 271, 275;Kavaakeb-ul-durriah, vol. 1, pp. 389, 381, 383;Inshe’ab dar Bahai’at, p. 84.

(12) Maqaalahe Shakhsie Sayyah of Mirza Husein Ali;Iqan of Mirza Husein Ali; Al-fava’ed (The advantage) of Mirza Abdulfadle Gulpaygani.

(13) Mubeen, pp. 21, 48, 56, 210, 233, 286, 308, 342, 384, 385, 417…;
Makateeb, p. 225 (Abbas Afandi).

(14) Majmoo’ahe Al-wahee Mubarak, p. 159 (Mirza Husein Ali).

(15) Qarne Badi’a, vol. 11, p. 125; vol. 111, p. 291; Inshe’ab dar Bahai’at, p. 121.

(16) Qarne Badi’a, vol. 111, p. 297; Inshe’ab dar Bahai’at, p. 121; Bayaan-ul-haqaayeq (Expression of realities) of Abul Husein  Ayati, p. 71.

(17) ibid.

(18) Qarne Badi’a, vol. 111, p. 299; Inshe’ab dar Bahai’at, p. 118.

(19) Akhbare Amir, no. 4 (1950).

(20) Inshe’ab dar Bahai’at, pp. 195-203.

(21) Baha’i News, Sept. (1947);Akhbaare Amri, (1947), No. 7.

(22) Masaabihe Hedaayat (The lights of guidance) of Azizullah Suleimannis, Amri Pub., Tehran (1947).

(23) Baha’ism: a Sect at the Service of Colonialism by Mujtaba Sultani.

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Ruth White’s letter to the High Commissioner of Palestine

To His Excellency
The High Commissioner of Palestine
Jerusalem, Palestine.
October 7, 1930

Your Excellency:

As a victim of a fraud, which is being perpetrated under the Mandatory Power now governing  Palestine, I wish to make a complaint against Shoghi Effendi, of the Persian Colony, at Haifa  Palestine.

Shoghi Effendi is collecting money from the people of the various nations of the world under the  powers granted him in an alleged will which he claims is the will of Sir Abdul-Baha Abbas, and in  which he is appointed successor of Sir Abdu-Baha Abbas. I base my assertion that a fraud is being  perpetrated by Shoghi Effendi on the following facts:

About three months after the death of Sir Abdul-Baha Abbas, in November 1921, typewritten copies of  an English translation of a document were sent to England, America, and other countries, which  Shoghi Effendi alleged is the will of Sir Abdul-Baha Abbas, appointing him his successor. This  alleged will is undated, unwitnessed, unprobated, and unstamped by the Government. It also  contradicts the intent that its alleged maker held during his lifetime. for the alleged will commands people to obey Shoghi Effendi as if he were God, and to pay a tax to him. This is the motive of the fraud–money and power (2)….

I have submitted the photographs of the alleged will to Dr. C. Ainsworth Mitchell, the renowned  English handwriting expert, and editor of The Analyst, at 85 Eccleston Square London, S.W.1. and his  report shows that this document is fraudulent. No part of it was written by Abdu’l-Baha. Shoghi  Effendi ignored my request for permission to send a handwriting expert to Haifa to examine the  original document…. I am not making this complaint merely because of the money I have contributed, as this is small  compared to the expense that I have incurred in collecting evidence against Shoghi Effendi. But I am  making this complaint in order to protect the public from a fraud, and a movement, which under  Shoghi Effendi has become far more subversive than that of Bolshevism. For Shoghi Effendi aims to  become world dictator, and he is establishing enemy states within each state, and collecting taxes  from the people of these enemy states. All this is contrary to the teachings of Sir Abdu’l-Baha  Abbas whose successor he claims to be (2-3)_
_______________________________________________________________________________
Ruth White, Excerpts, Bibliography
http://www.fglaysher.com/bahaicensorship/Ruth%20White.htm
Dr. C. (Charles) Ainsworth Mitchell – Certified Copy from the Library of Congress Report on the Writing Shown on the Photographs of the Alleged Will of Abdu’l-Baha. 1930.
http://www.fglaysher.com/bahaicensorship/CAMitchell_Report.htm
Report C. Ainsworth MitchellDownload All Documents Deposited by Ruth White at the Library of Congress in one PDF:

http://www.fglaysher.com/bahaicensorship/archives/WhiteCDocs.pdf

“That is to say, the writing does not agree with the hypothesis that it was all written by one person.”

“A minute comparison of the authenticated writing with the writing on every page of the alleged will . . . has failed to detect in any part of the will the characteristics of the writing of Abdu’l-Baha, as shown in the authenticated specimens.” –Dr. C. Ainsworth Mitchell


The attempts to discredit Dr. Mitchell and Ruth White have relied on, for over 75 years, slander and ad hominem and are no more convincing now than they have ever been. Note the attempt to shift, from his conclusion and call for an examination of the original, to the man himself. Classic ad hominem.

I ask the reader to reflect on the fact that Dr. Mitchell remains one of the most respected forensic researchers of the 20th century and is still quoted and cited by academics and legal experts. His professional integrity is beyond question as is and was his ability to assess the authenticity of the purported will itself. As the document curator for the British Museum, Dr. Mitchell used techniques and methods still widely used and recognized, whether or not one has a command of the language being scrutinized. Knowledge of a language in and of itself has never been the essential for handwriting experts, and informed people know that to be a fact. Those who seek to conceal the act of forgery hope to confuse the uninformed about what is involved. See the link at the bottom to one of his books available online.

Ruth White placed Dr. Mitchell’s signed Report on the Writing Shown on the Photographs of the Alleged Will of Abdul-Baha with the Library of Congress in 1930. Certified copy below.

A bibliography of Dr. C. Ainsworth Mitchell’s published work is available from the Library of Congress at the bottom of this page.

My Comments on Dr. C. Ainsworth Mitchell’s Report
http://www.fglaysher.com/bahaicensorship/CAMitchell_comments.htm

Professional genealogist Will Johnson’s webpage, Dr. C. Ainsworth Mitchell: http://www.countyhistorian.com/cecilweb/index.php/Charles_Ainsworth_Mitchell


Anti-Persian Racism in Bahai writings

“Most” Bahais, have hidden hatred and anti-Persian feelings. I wondered what the source of these were and alas I came to a few quotes from Abdu`l-Baha, son of Bahullah and according to Bahaullah, “the interpretor” of his writings and Bahaism.

1) Comparing people who chose not to have a so called “educator”, AbdulBaha states:

     “… notice that when the animal is trained it becomes domestic, and  also that man, if he is left without education, becomes bestial, and, moreover, if left under the rule of nature, becomes lower that animal, whereas if he is educated he becomes an angel.”

This clearly shows what Abdulbaha thinks of uneducated class of people. He sees them “lower than animal”. Surely a holy word should not contain and compare “uneducated people” to “lower than animal”. This sentence has indications of racial (class) supremacy, since Bahaullah himself was a rich merchant and did not perceive that humans at some point were not educated and they grew on their own, by nature and evolution. In Persian we say “tavAnA bovad harke dAnA bovad, ze dAnesh dele pir bornA bovad” (powerful is he who has knowledge, and knowledge keeps the heart of an old man young). Tell me which is more elegant?

The saying by Hafez, encouraging people to learn, or the saying by Abdulbaha putting down the uneducated.

2) In another racist statement, giving his version of the period during Islam, Abdulbaha states:

          “These Arab tribes were in the lowest depth of savagery and barbarism, and in comparison with them the savages of Africa and wild Indians of America were as advanced as Plato… even down to the present time Arabs dread having daughters”

Nowhere in any holy book has God ever put one race down as compared with another. Yet this is what Abdulbaha, the interpreter of Baha, does to tell his side of story and write what is to become Bahai Faith. Interesting points to note here are that Abdulbaha considers arab tribes as the “lowest depth of savagery and barbarism”.

Interestingly that is what Hitler said about Jews. Abdulbaha fails to consider that Arabs and Persians for their time (1400 years ago), were far ahead of Europeans.

Another interesting point to note is that Abdulbaha seemed to know about American Indians savagery, 1000 years before they became in contact with the rest of the world! Further interesting point is that he compares cultural issues of the Arab tribes with “Pluto”. I wonder what the relation is here! Is a holy representative of a holy prophet, giving holy writings, supposed to issue such statements and use a European astronomer as his idol of culture and values?

Surely constant use of European examples in Bahai writings is an indicative of European influence and hence validity of Bahaullah being implanted as a destabilizing force in Iran by Britain.

Notice, later on Abdulbaha states that even today (130 years ago) “Arabs dreed having daughters”. A nice generalization by a man claiming to represent the will of God!

3) Speaking about Bab, the founder of Babism and thus Bahaism, AbdulBaha states:

   “He upheld the cause among the Persians, who are renowned for their religious fanaticism.”

Very nice RACIST views by a holy man from Bahaism! So Persians are “renowned for their religious fenaticism”? I suppose had Abdulbaha and Bahaullah been alive today they would call Persians “barbarics and terrorists” as well! When i came across this in the Bahai writings I became disgusted. I found these statements to be hateful of a culture that reject an illogical cult and banished its founder. This statement as was written in chapter eight of the book “some answered questions”, is used as a guide and reference to history by Bahais. Mr. Abdul, I am a Persian and a proud one, and I am not a “religious fanatic”! Interestingly enough it was only a few days ago that a bahai criticized me for generalizing them and saying “they are racists”. Well they may not be racists themselves, but they surely are followers of a racist cult which teaches racism.

4) Abdulbaha also states about coming of Bahaullah:

       “Baha`u`llah appeared at a time when the Persian Empire was immersed in profound obscurantism and ignorance and lost in the blindest fanaticism. In the European histories, no doubt, you have read detailed accounts of the morals, customs and ideas of the Persians during the last centuries.”

Oh.. how nice that when people reject him they “must” be ignorant! Further it is interesting to see how Abdulbaha uses Europeans (namely British) as his source of history on Iran and examination of “morals and customs” of Iranians. This coming from a person who denied being an agent of British Imperialism.

I, as a reader, thought that this view of Persian culture was very similar to that of Betty Mahmoodi, who saw the sacrification of a lamb by Iranians, before a feast, as a “barbaric act and custom”! I suppose had Abdulbaha been alive today, he would have used Betty Mahmoodi as an example and proof too! I also wonder why Abdubaha thinks that Persians were savage, when people in the far east thought so highly of them. Surely what is represented here is views of Europeans, looking down on Middle Eastern countries, something that is used today in Bahaism as basic writings of their religion.

5) In a book called the “Dawn Breakers” (Nabil’s Narative), which is a main missionary Bahai book, Lord Curzon, a British agent says that Iran is a savage country and in need of a “new character” and “face”. This British agent indicates that a new religion is needed to implement this.

Amazingly it is stated in the book that :

  “The Persian character has ever been fertile in device and indifferent  to suffering; and in the field of judicial executions it has found  ample scope for the exercise of both attainments.”

It is interesting to see how the “Persian character” is put down in this introductory paragraph of the book. The statement, as it stands, is pure racism and indicative of resentment of the Bahai Universal House of Justice towards the Persian culture which forced the cult out and withstood its assimilation plans. They openly criticize “Persian character”, something that had been down against Europeans or the Jews (Saying “Jewish character” is blah blah), the Bahais would not have been where they are today.

As it was seen from view paragraphs of Bahai writings, from their holiest of people, they indeed are not what they claim to be. And their cult has hidden racism within its boundaries designed to appeal to the Europeans and Westerners, to gain support and power. this has further been proven by postings by Frederick Glayser and other Bahais on SCI.

Written by a disgusted Persian


Shoghi Effendi used the money of Charity to go to Oxford university.- Ruth White

The Bahai religion and its Enemy the Bahai Organization by Ruth White, the Tuttle Company, Rutland, Vermont 1929.

In PP. 201-206, Ruth White says: “In the Autumn of 1919 I sent to Abdul Baha [i.e. Sir Abbas Effendi] an American Express Company check of Five hundred dollars and asked him to apply it to some of the many charities he was dispensing.

About four month after we arrived in Haifa as the guests of Abdul Baha. On the day before departure I asked Abdul Baha if he had received the check. Without a moment’s hesitation and very emphatically he said that he had not received it. He repeated this a number of times, and seemed indignant that it had not been turned over to him. I discussed this with various members of the family of Abdul Baha, and one of the brothers-in-law said he would go to town and enquire about the matter.
He returned and said there were no record of the check. When I returned to America I asked the American Express Company to look up the receipt of the check I had sent through their office, and on the back of it was the signature of the person who had received the cash. This person was Shoghi Rabbani [i.e. Shoghi Effendi].

I asked the American Express Company to Photostat this check for me, which they did. Herewith it is a reproduction of the check with the signature of Sh.  Rabbani on the back. Here then is proof positive that Shoghi Effendi cashed out the check and also proof that the son-in-law [presumably Mirza Muhsin Afnan] who purported to enquire of the check did not do it at all. Otherwise, he would have ascertained in a few minutes from the office of the American Express Company at Haifa that the check had been cashed by Sh. Rabbani, as I had given the son-in-law the whole information, the date of sending, the name of sender, etc.
All of which shows that there was collusion between the son-in-law and Shoghi Effendi. Circumstantial evidence also points to the fact that Shoghi Effendi used the money to go to Oxford university.

For immediately after cashing the check he departed for Oxford, this despite the fact that Abdul Baha did not wish him to go. Some may naturally ask: How could Shoghi Effendi have cashed the check unless he had authority to do so. This he may have had. Yet the fact remain that the proceeds were never turned over to Abdul Baha. My readers may, therefore, draw their own conclusions.”